DESK REVIEWS | 08.01.05. What information is available on the socio-economic status of informal care workers?

DESK REVIEW | 08.01.05. What information is available on the socio-economic status of informal care workers?

According to the ELSI-Brazil (2018) study, out of the total caregivers interviewed (n=828), 25.8% reported stopping working or studying to perform this role, and only 9.2% were paid (non-family members or family members) (Giacomin et al., 2018).


Giacomin, K. C., Duarte, Y. A. O., Camarano, A. A., Nunes, D. P., & Fernandes, D. (2018). Care and functional disabilities in daily activities – ELSI-Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública, 52(Suppl 2).

This section to be updated soon.

In a 2017 study conducted in Maluku, 74.5% of all family caregivers of people with dementia were women, 49% had high school as the last education attainment, 50.6% with monthly income of more than Rp1,2 million, and all were Muslim. The most common occupation was farmer (43,7%) (International Labour Organization (ILO), n.d.-b). According to ILO, the majority of Indonesian domestic workers work for 6 or 7 days in a week. 71% of adult domestic helpers and 61% of young domestic helpers (aged 10-17 years old) work this number of days. There are more female domestic helpers than men. In 2008, there were 320 female domestic workers for every 100 males. In 2015, there were 292 women to 100 men (International Labour Organization (ILO), n.d.-b). We are unable to provide further information regarding the socio-economic status of domestic or other informal care workers.


International Labour Organization (ILO). (n.d.-b). Pekerja Rumah Tangga Di Indonesia.

Informal care workers (untrained and often given the role of taking care of a person with dementia) who are commonly known as house managers, earn the least salary among employees of all ranks (Venas News, 2019). Most informal workers in high end homes are degree holders while those in the capital or informal settlements are either primary or secondary school leavers who dropped out of school or were unable to afford tertiary education.


Venas News. (2019). Salary of a Maid/House help in Kenya 2019. VENASNEWS, 24 Janyary. Nairobi, Kenya.

No data available as no disaggregated data on carers, whom they care for, and the type/intensity of care provided has been gathered.