DESK REVIEWS | 06.02.13.09. The proportion of the population living with diabetes?

DESK REVIEW | 06.02.13.09. The proportion of the population living with diabetes?

According to the most recent version of the National Health Survey (PNS 2013, in Portuguese), 6.2% of the Brazilian population above 18 years old were diagnosed with diabetes. The proportion was higher in women (7.0%) than in men (5.4%) and increased with age from 0.6% in the age group 18-29 years to 19.9% among people aged 64 and 75 years old. For those over 75 years old, the proportion of diagnosed diabetes was 19.6%. There was no significant difference among ethnic groups: black people (7.2%), white (6.7%) and mixed race (5.5%). The lower the educational level, the higher the proportion of diabetes (9.6% among people with less than 4 years of formal education) (Brazilian Ministry of Health, 2013b).

References:

Brazilian Ministry of Health. (2013b). Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2013: Percepção do estado de saúde, estilos de vida e doenças crônicas. https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv91110.pdf

The ICMR – INDIAB study reported that the overall prevalence of diabetes in all 15 states of India was 7.3% in 2015 (95% CI 7.0–7.5) (Anjana et al., 2017). The more recent National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey of India 2015-2019 reported the prevalence of diabetes in surveyed population (63,000 aged 50 and above in 21 districts) to be 11.8% (All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS, 2019)).

References:

All India Institute of Medical Sciences. National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey of India 2015-2019. n.d. National Program for Control of Blindness and Visual Impairment, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Available from: https://npcbvi.gov.in/writeReadData/mainlinkFile/File342.pdf

Anjana, R. M., Deepa, M., Pradeepa, R., Mahanta, J., Narain, K., Das, H. K., …. Bhansali, A. (2017). Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in 15 states of India: results from the ICMR–INDIAB population-based cross-sectional study. The lancet Diabetes & endocrinology, 5(8), 585-596. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(17)30174-2

According to the Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Basic Health Survey) 2018 the prevalence of diabetes in people older than 15 years in Indonesia is 2%. This estimated prevalence is based on the existence of clinical diagnosis. However, a blood test-based diagnosis suggested a higher proportion (10.9%) (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2018).

References:

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Available at: http://labdata.litbang.kemkes.go.id/images/download/laporan/RKD/2018/Laporan_Nasional_RKD2018_FINAL.pdf

As of 2017, 2% (458,900 individuals) of Kenya’s total adult population (estimated at 23,147,000) had diabetes (International Diabetes Federation (IDF), 2017). This is likely to be an underestimation since 60% of people diagnosed with diabetes seek primary health care services for unrelated problems because they are not cognizant that they have the disease (Republic of Kenya, 2015a).

References:

International Diabetes Federation (IDF). (2017). IDF Diabetes Atlas – 8th Edition. https://diabetesatlas.org/upload/resources/previous/files/8/IDF_DA_8e-EN-final.pdf

Republic of Kenya. (2015a). Kenya National Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases 2015-2020. Nairobi, Kenya. https://www.who.int/nmh/ncd-task-force/kenya-strategy-ncds-2015-2020.pdf

Please refer to Table 12 below under part 06.02.13.11.

Modelled estimates from the Global Burden of Disease study (2016) show a prevalence of 5.66% for diabetes in South Africa.

References:

Global Burden of Disease Study. (2016). IHME GBD results tool.  Available [online] at https://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-results/. IHME, healthdata.org.