DESK REVIEWS | The proportion of the population living with diabetes?

DESK REVIEW | The proportion of the population living with diabetes?

According to the most recent version of the National Health Survey (PNS 2013, in Portuguese), 6.2% of the Brazilian population above 18 years old were diagnosed with diabetes. The proportion was higher in women (7.0%) than in men (5.4%) and increased with age from 0.6% in the age group 18-29 years to 19.9% among people aged 64 and 75 years old. For those over 75 years old, the proportion of diagnosed diabetes was 19.6%. There was no significant difference among ethnic groups: black people (7.2%), white (6.7%) and mixed race (5.5%). The lower the educational level, the higher the proportion of diabetes (9.6% among people with less than 4 years of formal education) (Brazilian Ministry of Health, 2013b).


Brazilian Ministry of Health. (2013b). Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2013: Percepção do estado de saúde, estilos de vida e doenças crônicas.

The ICMR – INDIAB study reported that the overall prevalence of diabetes in all 15 states of India was 7.3% in 2015 (95% CI 7.0–7.5) (Anjana et al., 2017). The more recent National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey of India 2015-2019 reported the prevalence of diabetes in surveyed population (63,000 aged 50 and above in 21 districts) to be 11.8% (All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS, 2019)).


All India Institute of Medical Sciences. National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey of India 2015-2019. n.d. National Program for Control of Blindness and Visual Impairment, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Available from:

Anjana, R. M., Deepa, M., Pradeepa, R., Mahanta, J., Narain, K., Das, H. K., …. Bhansali, A. (2017). Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in 15 states of India: results from the ICMR–INDIAB population-based cross-sectional study. The lancet Diabetes & endocrinology, 5(8), 585-596.

According to the Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Basic Health Survey) 2018 the prevalence of diabetes in people older than 15 years in Indonesia is 2%. This estimated prevalence is based on the existence of clinical diagnosis. However, a blood test-based diagnosis suggested a higher proportion (10.9%) (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2018).


Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Available at:

As of 2017, 2% (458,900 individuals) of Kenya’s total adult population (estimated at 23,147,000) had diabetes (International Diabetes Federation (IDF), 2017). This is likely to be an underestimation since 60% of people diagnosed with diabetes seek primary health care services for unrelated problems because they are not cognizant that they have the disease (Republic of Kenya, 2015a).


International Diabetes Federation (IDF). (2017). IDF Diabetes Atlas – 8th Edition.

Republic of Kenya. (2015a). Kenya National Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases 2015-2020. Nairobi, Kenya.

Please refer to Table 12 below under part

Modelled estimates from the Global Burden of Disease study (2016) show a prevalence of 5.66% for diabetes in South Africa.


Global Burden of Disease Study. (2016). IHME GBD results tool.  Available [online] at IHME,