DESK REVIEWS | 04.03.15. If there is a policy already, who were the stakeholders involved in developing the policy? What is their role in enacting their policy? How is this monitored?

DESK REVIEW | 04.03.15. If there is a policy already, who were the stakeholders involved in developing the policy? What is their role in enacting their policy? How is this monitored?

The National Dementia Policy was created by a group that comprised a doctor, politicians, and others. The law created in the municipality of São Paulo was developed by a group composed of healthcare professionals, communication professionals, politicians etc. These professionals generally give expert inputs, the politicians write the law and are responsible for legislative procedures. The creation or development of some policies may be discussed in commissions composed of parliamentarians and civil society representatives.

Multi-disciplinary stakeholders were involved in developing the policy, which included clinicians, academics, carer, NGO, and other stakeholders. NGOs with international outlook have a focus on aligning the national policy with international goals (for example, early diagnosis is also a priority in Indonesia’s national strategic plan). A monitoring report on the policy has not yet been published but the document suggests that monitoring and evaluation should be conducted by all stakeholders including central and local governments, Komisi Lanjut Usia, the involved universities, professional organizations, and NGOs (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2015b). There are tangible outcome indicators for each of the action steps in the policy (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2015a, pp.25-35).

References:

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. (2015a). Ministry of Health Regulation No. 67/2015 on Geriatric Services in Public Health Center (Permenkes No. 67/2015 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Pelayanan Kesehatan Lanjut Usia Di Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat). Kementrian Kesehatan Indonesia, 1–140.

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. (2015b). National Strategy: Management of Alzheimer and Other Dementia Diseases: Towards Healthy and Productive Older Persons. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia.

The actions in the plan are being led by national health institutes as well as by civil associations.