03.03.01. Size and structure of the workforce | India

03.03.01. Size and structure of the workforce | India

06 Jul 2022

An ILO report states that there are no formal long-term care workers in India. Instead, most care work is performed by informal and/or family carers (Scheil-Adlung & Xenia, 2015).

It has been reported that emphasising family responsibility in long-term care, as is the case in India, creates an unequal gender balance of unpaid family care workers. It disproportionately affects female family members who invest effort and time into unpaid care, and also lose income from employment in the process (International Labour Organization (ILO), 2015). There is no specific data available on formal and informal long-term care work in India.


International Labour Organization. (2015). World Social Protection Report: Building economic recovery, inclusive development and social justice. ILO. Available from: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_245201.pdf

Scheil-Adlung, & Xenia. (2015). Long-term care protection for older persons : a review of coverage deficits in 46 countries. ILO Working Papers.