01.04.01. Social protection schemes | India

01.04.01. Social protection schemes | India

05 Jul 2022

Few major schemes:

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) arranged in 2005, is one of the major social protection schemes in India (Wapling et al., 2021). Under the Ministry of Rural Development, the NREGA provides 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year for those adult members from rural households who are willing to do unskilled manual work (Vikaspedia, n.d.-a).

The Ayushamn Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) provides financial protection with respect to secondary and tertiary care (hospitalisations) to the socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals (National Health Portal, 2019).

Other social protection schemes are summarized in PART 9. There are several central government and state level social security schemes targeting various groups that are not listed.


National Health Portal. (2019). Ayushman Bharat Yojana. Government of India. Available from: https://www.nhp.gov.in/ayushman-bharat-yojana_pg

Vikaspedia. (n.d.-a). Overview of MGNREGA. Government of India. Available from: https://vikaspedia.in/agriculture/policies-and-schemes/rural-employment-related-1/mgnrega/rural-employment-related

Wapling, L., Schjoedt, R., Sibum, D. (2021). Social Protection and Disability in India: Working Paper. Development Pathways Limited. Available from: https://www.developmentpathways.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/India-disability-Feb-2021-1.pdf