01.02.03. Prevalence or burden of injury and violence | India

01.02.03. Prevalence or burden of injury and violence | India

05 Jul 2022

As per the National Crime Records Bureau’s Accidental Deaths and Suicides report (National Crime Records Bureau [NCRB], 2020a) there were 3,74,397 accidental deaths and 1,53,052 deaths from suicide reported in 2020. The Crime in India report (NCRB, 2020b) states that there were 29,193 cases of violence related deaths (homicide) in 2020.

State wise variations in injuries:

As per GBD 2019 data, the prevalence of injuries of various types varies across the states. In 2019, the lowest prevalence rate was in Meghalaya, which had a prevalence rate of 16,545.72 cases per 100,000 people (15,672.39 – 17,471.5) and the highest was in Tamil Nadu with 29,116.16 prevalent cases per 100,000 people (27,570.69 – 30,738.74) (ICMR, PHFI and IHME, 2019). In terms of burden, the number of deaths and DALYs are described. The least number of deaths was in Meghalaya with 30.62 deaths per 100,000 people (22.93 – 43.12) and the highest number of deaths was in Tamil Nadu with 99.41 deaths per 100,000 people (70.01-121.01) (ICMR, PHFI and IHME, 2019). With respect to DALYs, Meghalaya had the lowest number of DALYs with 2,057.27 per 100,000 people (1664.38 – 2618.95) and Tamil Nadu had the highest number of DALYs with 5,055.08 per 100,000 people (4,054.81 – 5,944.4) (ICMR, PHFI and IHME, 2019).


Indian Council of Medical Research, Public Health Foundation of India, and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (ICMR, PHFI and IHME). (2019). GBD India Compare Data Visualization. Available from: https://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare/

National Crime Records Bureau. (2020a). Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India.