DESK REVIEWS | Training and education

DESK REVIEW | Training and education

Although not directed specifically towards unpaid carers, there are several training and education programmes conducted by the ARDSI focused on old age/geriatric care (Alzheimer’s and Related Disorders Society of India (ARDSI), 2010). These are described in Table 1.

Table 1 provides an overview of ARDSI Training and Education Programmes.

ARDSI Training and Education Programmes
 Programmes Duration Description
ARDSI School of Geriatric Care  – Established in 1993 in Kerala, this school provides several training and education programmes with specific focus on dementia care.
Postgraduate Diploma in Integrated Geriatric Care 1 year Focuses on managerial/supervisory services to provide institutions with inputs on various areas within the field of geriatrics such as counselling, research, management, policy and planning.
Training NGO Functionaries:


1) Certificate Course


2)Geriatric Counselling Training

1 month


5 days

This training is relevant for institutions like day care centres, residential facilities, or other dementia specific care centres.

Source: (ARDSI, 2010)


Alzheimer’s and Related Disorders Society of India. (2010). THE DEMENTIA INDIA REPORT 2010: Prevalence, impact, cost and services for dementia. New Dehli. Retrieved from

In 2019, the Ministry of Health released a practical guideline for caregivers in taking care of the elderly, consisting of information on long-term care for the elderly, categorisation of elderly based on their level of dependence, general caring tips such as skincare, bathing, communication, praying, and recreation for the elderly in care (Kementerian Kesehatan RI Direktorat Jenderal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 2018). Also in 2019, a study in Malang, East Java, provided training for family caregivers to ensure that home environment is optimal for the elderly’s well-being. The study finds that providing training for carers of home-bound elderly with chronic pain is effective to enhance the ability of caregivers in improving the health status of the elderly (Ministry of Health Regulation No. 79/2014 on Geriatric Services in Hospitals (Permenkes No. 79/2014 Tentang Pelayanan Geriatri Di RS), 2014).


Kementerian Kesehatan RI Direktorat Jenderal Kesehatan Masyarakat. (2018). Pedoman untuk Puskesmas dalam Perawatan Jangka Panjang bagi Lanjut Usia. Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Ministry of Health Regulation No. 79/2014 on Geriatric Services in Hospitals (Permenkes No. 79/2014 tentang Pelayanan Geriatri di RS). (2014). (Testimony of Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia).

Very few basic programs for family/unpaid carers are available. Most recent data (2017) showed there are only two training programmes at national level for carers of people with chronic diseases or disabilities (López-Ortega & Aranco, 2019), and one for carers of people with dementia provided by the National Institute of Geriatrics. The course “Person-centred care for people with dementia” is an online course for general public, in this way people can know and establish different care practices for people with dementia, using a person-centred approach.


López-Ortega, M., & Aranco N. (2019). Envejecimiento y atención a la dependencia en México. Nota técnica del BID.ón_a_la_dependencia_en_México_es.pdf