DESK REVIEWS | Where are services provided by NGOs available? Please describe the variability in availability and accessibility

DESK REVIEW | Where are services provided by NGOs available? Please describe the variability in availability and accessibility

Although there are services available in most regions of Brazil, the availability is higher in the Southern regions and the accessibility is easier in urban areas. One association also offers a distance service: Helpline – with counselling app, which benefits people from several Brazilian zones, including Brazilians abroad. There are no systematic activities in rural areas. There is limited attention in more distant areas, such as in the Amazon region.

Most service providers are from cities or urban areas. The Ellen Thoburn Cowen Memorial (ETCM) Hospital, the Nightingales Dementia Care Centre located in Kolar, are examples of centres in smaller towns and areas on the outskirts of Bangalore. The Nightingales Dementia Care Centre also offers tele-medicine based care. Another rural setup is based in Shantiniketan, near the city of Kolkata, which is run by the ARDSI Kolkata chapter.

Plenty of dementia-related services are provided through Alzheimer’s Indonesia. For instance, caregivers’ meetings, knowledge upskilling on Alzheimer’s for the Purple Troop cadres, early detection and screening of dementia, and awareness-raising campaigns about dementia involving youth (Alzheimer’s Indonesia, n.d.). In general, the activities are categorised into four main groups: caregiver meetings, education and training, seminars, and World’s Alzheimer Month. Alzheimer’s Indonesia has eighteen chapters across major cities in Indonesia (Jakarta, Bali, Bandung, Bekasi, Bengkalis, Bogor, Depok, Jakarta, Kupang, Malang, Manado, Medan, Salatiga, Semarang, Solo, Surabaya, Tangsel, and Yogyakarta).


Alzheimer’s Indonesia. (n.d.). Kegiatan.

The services provided by ADOK are only available in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital. It is therefore only accessible to people living in Nairobi and the neighbouring towns or those who can travel to participate in the support groups. However, there are some caregiver tips that have been provided on the website (Alzheimer’s & Dementia Organization Kenya, 2019).


Alzheimer’s & Dementia Organization Kenya. (2019). Home: Our programs.


As previously mentioned, most services are provided locally by NGOs. There is no systematic information gathered to assess variability or detailed characteristics of their services, but, in general, services are available in state capitals and larger cities. Out of the 32 States, 19 currently have a dementia/Alzheimer’s association. They all have support groups, but only 6 have day centres, and there are 9 day centres, of which 4 are located in Mexico City.