DESK REVIEWS | 06.02.13.11. The proportion of the population with high cholesterol

DESK REVIEW | 06.02.13.11. The proportion of the population with high cholesterol

The PNS 2013 showed that 12.5% of people aged 18 years and over were diagnosed with high cholesterol. The estimated proportion in urban areas was 13.0%, while in rural areas it was 10.0%. The proportion was higher among women (15.1%) than men (9.7%). The frequency of people who referred diagnosis of high cholesterol was more representative in the older age groups: 25.9% among those aged 60 to 64 years, 25.5% among people aged 65 to 74 years, and 20.3% between those aged 75 years and older. The proportion of white people who reported altered cholesterol (13.4%) was higher than for black (11.2%) and mixed race (11.8%) people (Brazilian Ministry of Health, 2013b).

References:

Brazilian Ministry of Health. (2013b). Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde 2013: Percepção do estado de saúde, estilos de vida e doenças crônicas. https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv91110.pdf

A review of population-based studies in India had reported that high cholesterol is prevalent in 25-30% and 15-20% of urban and rural residents, respectively (Gupta et al., 2017).

References:

Gupta, R., Rao, R. S., Misra, A., & Sharma, S. K. (2017). Recent trends in epidemiology of dyslipidemias in India. Indian heart journal, 69(3), 382-392.

The most recent data on cholesterol levels in the national population aged 15 and over is available from the Riskesdas 2018. High total cholesterol (> 240 mg/dL) was found in 7.6% of the population and borderline results (200-239 mg/dL) were found in 21.2% (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2018).

References:

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Available at: http://labdata.litbang.kemkes.go.id/images/download/laporan/RKD/2018/Laporan_Nasional_RKD2018_FINAL.pdf

The Kenya STEPwise Survey for Non-Communicable Diseases Risk Factors 2015 Report revealed that about 98% of Kenyans had never had their cholesterol levels measured. Out of those that had been measured, only 13.3% who reported to have been diagnosed with elevated cholesterol levels were on medication. 10% of the respondents had either cholesterol ≥ 5.0 mmol/L or currently on medication for raised cholesterol (MoH-Kenya et al., 2015).

References:

MoH-Kenya, KNBS, & WHO. (2015). Kenya STEPwise Survey for Non Communicable Diseases Risk Factors 2015 Report. MoH-Kenya. https://www.health.go.ke/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Executive-summary-6-2.pdf

 

 

Please refer to Table 12 below.

Table 12. Prevalence of risk factors in adults 20 years of age or older, by sex and age groups. Mexico

  20-39 40-59 >60 Total
Hypertension
Men 20.2 25.8 43.7 25.11
Women 19.8 38.6 48.3 30.0
Total 20.0 32.3 46.1 27.6
Obesity or overweight (total)
Men 19.6 23.8 31.7 23.3
Women 24.6 37.2 24.9 29.0
Total 22.3 30.9 27.3 26.4
Diabetes
Men 13.7 27.8 44.3 23.0
Women 19.0 46.1 53.7 33.8
Total 16.5 37.8 49.5 28.9
High cholesterol
Men 16.2 42.3 52.2 32.3
Women 19.9 50.2 58.4 38.2
Total 18.2 46.5 55.7 35.5
Smokes*
Men 45.8 42.0 19.7 39.8
Women 25.5 19.3 10.3 20.3
Total 34.8 30.0 14.4 29.3
Alcohol**
Men 44.1 33.0 26.9 36.9
Women 17.0 9.2 4.0 11.8
Total 29.4 20.4 14.2 23.3

Source: ENSANUT, 2012 (Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, 2012). *Percentage of population aged 20 and over who smoke

**Has been intoxicated with alcohol at least once in the past month.

References:

Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. (2012). Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2012. Resultados nacionales. https://ensanut.insp.mx/encuestas/ensanut2012/doctos/informes/ENSANUT2012ResultadosNacionales.pdf