DESK REVIEWS | 04.03.02. (How) does the policy reflect aspects of the sustainable development goals?

DESK REVIEW | 04.03.02. (How) does the policy reflect aspects of the sustainable development goals?

The documents focus on keeping people as independent as possible, on implementing strategies to prevent diseases, and on adopting a person-centred care to promote quality of life and well-being (Brazilian Ministry of Health, 2018e; United Nations, 2018).

References:

Brazilian Ministry of Health. (2018e). Orientações Técnicas para a Implementação de Linha de Cuidado para Atenção integral à Saúde da Pessoa Idosa no Sistema Único de Saúde—SUS. Ministério da Saúde do Brasil.

United Nations. (2018). Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In A New Era in Global Health. https://doi.org/10.1891/9780826190123.ap02

 

India is a signatory to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The 3rd goal focuses on improving health and wellbeing of people of all ages (Sustainable Development Solutions Network, n.d.). As part of the health goal, target 3.4 asks countries by 2030 to reduce premature mortality from NCDs by one third “through prevention, treatment, and promotion of mental health and well-being” (Sustainable Development Solutions Network, n.d.). However, in India there is no national dementia policy and, as a result, these aspects of the SDGs are not reflected in a dementia specific plan. Although, programmes/acts such as the National Programme for Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes and Stroke (NPCDCS) (addressing risk factors for dementia) (MoHFW, 2017b) and the Mental Healthcare Act (National Mental Health Programme, 2017) complement the goals of the SDGs.

References:

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. (2017b). National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS).

National Mental Health Programme. (2017). National Mental Health Programme. Available from: https://www.nhp.gov.in/national-mental-health-programme_pg

Sustainable Development Solutions Network. (n.d.). Indicators and a Monitoring Framework: Launching a data revolution for the Sustainable Development Goals. Available from: https://indicators.report/targets/3-4/

 

The national plan reflects some aspects of the sustainable development goals, particularly goal number 3 (good health and wellbeing), 4 (quality education), 11 (sustainable communities), and 17 (partnerships for the goals), although these may not be explicitly stated (Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, 2015b). In 2015, the United Nations declared the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and the promotion of physical and mental health and well-being with behavioural, developmental, and neurological disorders as one of their key goals in achieving sustainable development (United Nations, 2015). Indonesia’s national plan addressed the challenges of a growing ageing population and increasing number of people living with dementia through seven action steps.

 References:

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. (2015b). National Strategy: Management of Alzheimer and Other Dementia Diseases: Towards Healthy and Productive Older Persons. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia.

United Nations. (2015). Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/health/

Although not openly mentioned, the plan appears to refer to Goal 3 which refers to ensuring healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.