DESK REVIEWS | 01.05.03. Elections

DESK REVIEW | 01.05.03. Elections

Brazil had a national election in October 2018, in which the current president (named Jair Bolsonaro) was elected. He is in post since January 2019. In September 2020, state and municipal elections will take place, and the new election for president will take place at the end of 2022.

The next election is expected to be scheduled by May 2024 to constitute the 18th Lok Sabha. The 17th Lok Sabha (General Elections) resulted in a second consecutive victory for the Bharatya Jantha Party (BJP), which is led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi (Election Commission of India, 2019).


Election Commission of India. (2019). Election Commission of India launches Voter Verification and Information Programme (VVIP) for upcoming General Elections 2019 – Press Available from

Presidential and legislative elections were held in April 2019. Joko Widodo was sworn into his second term of presidency for 2019-2024. There was quite a major reshuffle of the cabinet, including a change in the Minister of Health. Current Minister of Health is Terawan Agus Putranto (Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia, 2019). The next elections are anticipated to be in 2024 (BBC, 2019; Qatar Embassy in Jakarta – Republic of Indonesia, 2018).


BBC. (2019). Indonesia profile – Timeline. BBC.

Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia. (2019). Didominasi Profesional, Inilah Menteri Kabinet Indonesia Maju.

Qatar Embassy in Jakarta – Republic of Indonesia. (2018). Political System.

According to the constitution of Kenya, general election of members of parliament should take place every five years on the second Tuesday in August. The next major elections will take place on 9th August 2022. Executive authority continues to lie within the mandate of the president who is elected to a five-year term through universal adult suffrage of more than 50% of the votes and at least 25% of the votes cast in each of 24 out of the 47 counties (Kenya Law Reports, 2013).


Kenya Law Reports. (2013). The Constitution of Kenya, 2010. Nairobi, Kenya.

The last presidential elections were celebrated in July 2018 with Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, from the Morena party, winning the elections by overwhelming majority. In this electoral period, there were elections for all Congress members and elections for state Governor in 8 states. The next presidential elections will be held in the year 2024.