01.03.05. Environmental and infrastructural aspects | Kenya

01.03.05. Environmental and infrastructural aspects | Kenya

02 Mar 2022

Kenya experiences: (i) natural hazards such as recurring droughts, landslides, lightening and thunderstorms, flooding during rainy seasons but limited volcanic activities; and (ii) environmental pollution including water pollution from urban and industrial waste, water shortage and degraded water quality resulting from use of pesticides and fertilisers, deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, and poaching. The level of destruction is increasing leading to more deaths, loss of livelihoods and infrastructure destruction (Central Intelligence Agency, 2019; United Nations Development Programme, 2007).

Another aspect hampering Kenya’s effort to improve its annual growth is inadequate infrastructure. The current efforts through multisectoral collaboration with international financial institutions and donors have raised capital in the global market by investing in infrastructure. One of the most recent projects is the construction of the Chinese financed standard gauge railway between Nairobi and Mombasa (Central Intelligence Agency, 2019).


Central Intelligence Agency. (2019). The World Factbook: Africa – Kenya. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/kenya/

United Nations Development Programme. (2007). Kenya Natural Disaster Profile. Enhanced security Unit. https://meteorology.uonbi.ac.ke/sites/default/files/cbps/sps/meteorology/Project%20on%20Disasters.pdf